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21 Current news about the topic genetics

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More wheat for global food security

Utilizing substantial genetic potential for higher yields

05-Aug-2022

The disruptions in global trading markets resulting from the war in Ukraine, among other causes, have focused public attention on the issue of securing a sufficient supply of high-quality foods for the global population. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are searching for ...

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A history of rye: How early farmers made plants genetically less flexible

25-Jul-2022

Over the course of many thousands of years, humans turned rye into a cultivated plant. In doing so, they have considerably limited its genetic flexibility. Today, wild rye not only has a more diverse genetic make-up, it is able to recombine this more freely than its domesticated cousins. A ...

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UMD scientists identify mechanism responsible for fruit and seed development in flowering plants

This research could allow agriculturists to optimize productivity and explore the viability of ‘virgin fruits'

14-Jul-2022

With rising global temperatures and dwindling pollinator populations, food production has become increasingly difficult for the world’s growers. Anew studyfrom researchers at the University of Maryland’sDepartment of Cell Biology and Molecular Geneticsaddresses this issue, providing insight ...

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Researchers identify key epigenetic markers in vulnerability to developing food addiction

Epigenetic markers affected in the mouse brain were also altered in people’s plasma

10-May-2022

Ateam of researchers has identified in rodents and humans common epigenetic mechanisms related to food addiction. The article, published inJournal of Clinical Investigation, was led byRafael MaldonadoandElena Martín, from the Neuropharmacology-Neurophar research group at Pompeu Fabra ...

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The importance of underutilized crops for future food and nutrition security

24-Mar-2022

Staple crops are limited in their tolerance of a changing climate, forcing researchers and breeders to start to investigate new ways to ensure future food security. A review in New Phytologist examines the value of studying underutilized crops, which are locally important crops grown in limited ...

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Eating vegetables does not protect against cardiovascular disease, finds large-scale study

Previous positive studies may not have sufficiently corrected for confounding socio-economic and lifestyle factors, suggests new analysis

21-Feb-2022

A sufficient intake of vegetables is important for maintaining a balanced diet and avoiding a wide range of diseases. But might a diet rich in vegetables also lower the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)? Unfortunately, researchers from the Nuffield Department of Population Health at the ...

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Multiple haplotype-based analyses provide genetic and evolutionary insights into tomato fruit weight and composition

How significant improvements can be made in genetic and evolutionary research using haplotypes

15-Feb-2022

To date, most marker-trait associations have been revealedusing QTL and genome-wide association studies (GWAS), demonstrating both their successes and their limitations. Haplotypes are the particular combinations of alleles/markers observed on a chromosomal segment in a given population,and ...

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Stevens AI expert to lead major project for NIH-funded Precision Nutrition and Health Hub

Samantha Kleinberg tapped to analyze data from diverse populations to find causal relationships between diets and specific health outcomes

24-Jan-2022

A significant barrier to personalized nutrition is that when we learn the effects of a diet, we do not know to whom these results apply. Using artificial intelligence and machine learning, Stevens Institute of Technology AI expert Samantha Kleinberg will try to better understand the relationship ...

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Celebrated barley came from a single plant

20-Jan-2022

The 200-year-old malting barley variety 'Chevalier' was for a long time world-leading in beer brewing and is thought to have originated from a single plant. In a new study, Swedish researchers from the universities of Linköping and Stockholm have investigated this claim. They have analysed seed ...

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Food scientist wants to create data model for personalized dietary recommendations

Researchers aim to create personalized nutrition profile that knows and can help individuals

22-Dec-2021

With the support of a Data Science Investigator grant from the Novo Nordisk Foundation, Associate Professor Morten Arendt Rasmussen from the Department of Food Science at the University of Copenhagen (UCPH FOOD) in Denmark will create a model for a new completely personalised dietary profile that ...

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